Safety (traffic and crime)

The 2002 Summary of Safe routes to School Programs in the United States

This report by a partnership of transportation groups is designed to inventory and clarify the different approaches used in Safe Routes to School programs.

Pedestrian Facilities Users Guide

A guide containing useful information regarding how to create walking environments, the main causes of pedestrian crashes and ways to counter them, and engineering improvements that can be made to improve the quality of life for all citizens.

Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking

This best practices report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States.

How Cities Use Parks to Create Safer Neighborhoods

For those concerned that green spaces may foster crime and illegal activity, evidence now exists that the opposite may be true. When adjacent to residential areas, green spaces have been shown to create neighborhoods with fewer violent and property crimes and where neighbors tend to support and protect one another. These are the findings of scientists at the Human-Environment Research Laboratory of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign who studied green space alongside public housing in Chicago. Other researchers who are conducting similar studies across the country are finding similar results.

Safer Places: The Planning System and Crime Prevention

Safety and security are important attributes for successful, sustainable communities. Not only are such places attractive to live and work in, but they are also places that are free from fear and crime and often result in an improved quality of life. However, very little attention by planners and designers has been focused on crime issues. This document highlights the need to consider crime prevention as part of the design process and offers suggestions that aim to deliver safer places.


People want to live without fear of crime. They want to be able to walk safely to the grocery store or laundromat, to get outdoors to socialize with neighbors, and to have their children walk safely to school or to the playground. Safewalks represent one small, but important, way by which residents can begin to reclaim their streets, and their neighborhoods.

Creating Defensible Space

This publication provides an expert review of the Defensible Space concept and three step-by-step case studies to help communities redesign neighborhoods for greater safety.

Land Use Planning for Safe, Crime-Free Neighborhoods

This fact sheet provides information about how land use and design can enhance safety by enhancing a sense of community.
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